Animal Products plays an important role in the socio- economic life of India. It is a rich source of high quality of animal products such as milk, meat and eggs. India has emerged as the largest producer of milk with 17.64 percent share in total milk production in the world. India accounts for about 5.19 percent of the global egg production and also the largest population of milch animals in the world, with 108.72 million buffaloes,135.17 million goats and 65.07 million sheeps. Exports of animal products represent an important and significant contribution to the Indian Agriculture sector. The export of Animal Products includes Buffalo meat, Sheep/ Goat meat, Poultry products, Animal Casings, Milk and Milk products and Honey etc.
India's exports of Animal Products was Rs. 30,137.08 Crores in 2015-16, which include the major products like Buffalo Meat (Rs. 26,681.56 Crores), Sheep/ Goat Meat (Rs. 837.76 Crores), Poultry Products (Rs. 768.72 Crores), Dairy Products (Rs. 754.20 Crores), Animal Casing (Rs. 17.02 Crores), Processed Meat (Rs. 6.18 Crores) and Natural Honey (Rs. 705.87 Crore).
The demand for Indian buffalo meat in international market has sparked a sudden increase in the meat exports. Buffalo meat dominated the exports with a contribution of over 88.53% in total Animal Products export from India. The main markets for Indian buffalo meat and other animal products are Vietnam Social Republic, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, Egypt Arab Republic and UAE.
In term of export from India, Poultry Products and Natural Honey recorded 18%, and 32% growth respectively, during the financial year 2015-16 over the same period of last year. The major importing countries of these products were Oman, USA, Saudi Arabia, Japan, UAE and Germany etc.