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Introduction:  
Wheat

Wheat cultivation in India traditionally been dominated by the northern region of India. The northern states of Punjab and Haryana Plains in India have been prolific wheat producers. While this cereal grass has been studied carefully in the past, recent years of painstaking research by India's finest scientific talent has paid off with the development of distinctly superior varieties of Durum Wheat.

This hard wheat is cultivated in clayey soil and is highly sought after for its physical characteristics. Its high gluten strength and uniform golden colour makes it ideal for bread making and pasta preparation unlike the softer commercially high yielding wheat, which lacks the strength and consistency of durum. Today, India is exporting sufficient quantities of all types of wheat and extensive research efforts are underway for improving its cereals and grain output in the years to come.Wheat cultivation has traditionally been dominated by the northern region of India. The northern states of Punjab and Haryana Plains in India have been prolific wheat producers. While this cereal grass has been studied carefully in the past, recent years of painstaking research by India's finest scientific talent has paid off with the development of distinctly superior varieties of Durum Wheat.With a production reaching ten times in past five years, India is today the second largest wheat producer in the whole world. Various studies and researches show that wheat and wheat flour play an increasingly important role in the management of India’s food economy.

The individual products under this sub-head are as below:
Rye - Seeds
Barley - Seeds
Oats - Seeds
Maize Seed
Other Maize
Grain Sorghum
Jowar
Buck Wheat
Bajra
Ragi
Canaryseed
Varieties:  
The main varieties of wheat grown in India are as follows VL-832,VL-804, HS-365, HS-240 , HD2687,WH-147, WH-542, PBW-343, WH-896(d), PDW-233(d), UP-2338, PBW-502, Shresth (HD 2687), Aditya (HD 2781), HW-2044, HW-1085, NP-200(di), HW-741.
Areas Of Cultivation:  
Major wheat growing states in India are Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar and Gujarat.
India Facts and Figures :
World trade in wheat is greater than for all other crops combined. Demand of India's wheat in the world shows a rising trend. The country has exported 55,62,374.75 MT of wheat to the world for the worth of Rs. 9,261.60 crores during the year of 2013-14.
Major Export Destinations (2013-14) : Bangladesh, Korea Republic, United Arab Emirates, Indonesia, Djibouti, Yemen Republc and Oman.