Pulses are one of the important food crops globally due to higher protein content. Pulses are an important group of crops in India, which is also responsible for yielding large financial gains by amounting for a large part of the exports. Pulses are the major sources of protein in the diet. Of all categories of people pulses form an integral part of the Indian diet, providing much needed protein to the carbohydrate rich diet. India is the largest producer of pulses in the world . Pulses are 20 to 25 per cent protein by weight which is double the protein content of wheat and three times that of rice.
Major pulses are grown chickpeas (gram), pigeon pea (tur or arhar), moong beans, urd (black matpe), masur (lentil), peas and various kinds of beans .
Areas of Cultivation:
The main regions with high productivity are Punjab, Haryana, Western Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal delta region, coastal Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, coastal and eastern Karnataka and some parts of Maharashtra.
India Facts and Figures :
The country has exported 1,24,883.94 MT of pulses to the world for the worth of Rs. 1,140.13 crores/ 171.07 USD Millions during the year 2016-17.
Major Export Destinations (2016-17) : Pakistan, Sri Lanka, United Arab Emirates, Algeria and Saudi Arabia.